Ensuring Civilian Safety: The Vital Importance of Protection and Preparedness

In February 2022, when Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine, Mariia Levchenko was working for an international organization in Kyiv. Like millions of others, she suddenly found herself in the midst of turmoil, facing the harsh reality of inadequate protection of civilians from Russian attacks and subsequent disordered evacuations. Mariia’s firsthand experience serves as…

Power Politics Obstructs Protection of Civilians in — and after — the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

By Beatrice Godefroy and Julien Théron Even as people in Ukraine’s Donbas region continue to suffer amid the seven-year-long conflict between government forces and Russian-backed separatists, populations elsewhere in Eastern Europe find themselves also at the center of lingering tensions between conflicting regional powers. The “flash” hostilities that broke out between Armenia and Azerbaijan in…

The Toll of Russian Air Strikes on Kafr Nboudha

By Natasha Hall Since their start at the end of September 2015, Russian air strikes have displaced over a quarter million Syrians. According to Amnesty International, civilian harm attributable to Russia is on the rise. “We ran for our lives. We didn’t get to take anything with us. No blankets, nothing,” said Fatima, who fled Kafr…