As greater responsibility is handed over to the Afghan National Security Forces, there is a serious risk that unless adequate accountability mechanisms are put in place, violations of human rights and humanitarian law will escalate – and Afghan civilians will pay the price.

Troop-contributing states have been slow to honor their moral and legal obligation to ensure the accountability of the national security forces; and time to do so is running out.

Briefing Paper by Oxfam in partnership with Center for Civilians in Conflict, Human RIghts Research and Advocacy Consortium, Peace Training and Research Organization (PTRO) in May 2011.



Notes to editors:

Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC)’s mission is to improve protection for civilians caught in conflicts around the world. We call on and advise international organizations, governments, militaries, and armed non-state actors to adopt and implement policies to prevent civilian harm. When civilians are harmed we advocate for the provision of amends and post-harm assistance. We bring the voices of civilians themselves to those making decisions affecting their lives.

For more information, contact Christopher Allbritton at +1 (917) 310-4785 or




Image courtesy of Staff Sgt. Rachel Martinez
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