Two billion people – one quarter of the human population – live in conflict-affected areas. When these civilians experience harm at the hands of armed actors, too many have nowhere to go to report that harm and seek accountability. Barriers to reporting continue to persist even when reporting pathways exist. This brief outlines how gender, age, ethnicity, and other identities influence which of these barriers civilians face and how significant they are. It concludes with recommendations for governments and armed actors on how to improve access to accountability for all civilians.

Read the full brief here.