This policy brief provides analysis that can contribute to a discussion on the future of MONUSCO. First, it reviews recent conflict developments and opportunities that will have an impact on protection threats and on MONUSCO’s operations. Then, it discusses shifts in MONUSCO’s budget, presence, and mobility over the last few years. It identifies challenges that have arisen from MONUSCO’s attempts to reduce its field presence and shift to more mobile operations. Lessons from past experience can help inform future planning around base closures and withdrawal. Additionally, the policy brief discusses several key issues that Member States, MONUSCO, and the government of the DRC will need to jointly address alongside humanitarian and development actors to facilitate the Mission’s exit.
* UN Security Council Resolution 2463, UN doc S/RES/2463 (2019), para 45.