NDAA Timeline

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Civilian Casualties Reporting

Civilian Harm Policy

Use of Force

Security Partnerships


FY05 NDAA Section 1201 created the Commanders’ Emergency Response Program (CERP) for Iraq and Afghanistan to “respond to urgent humanitarian relief and reconstruction requirements within [Commanders’] areas of responsibility by carrying out programs that will immediately assist” the people of these countries. These funds were primarily used for infrastructure repair and humanitarian aid projects, but also included condolence payments to individual civilians for incidents of death, injury, or property damage resulting from US operations.


FY17 NDAA Section 1211 extended and modified the Commanders’ Emergency Response Program to include Syria in addition to Iraq and Afghanistan.


FY18 NDAA Section 1057 required the Secretary of Defense to submit to the congressional defense committees an annual report on civilian casualties caused as a result of US military operations during the preceding year.

Deadline: May 1 of every year

Read the 2017 report here.

Read our analysis of the report here.

FY18 NDAA Section 1264 required the executive branch to report on and give notice of changes made to the legal and policy frameworks for the United States use of military force and related national security operations

Deadline: March 12, 2018 and 30 days after any changes