MONUSCO’s 2022 Mandate: Streamlined, But Missing Key Protection Language

By Daniel Levine-Spound and Josh Jorgensen In December 2022, the UN Security Council renewed the mandate of MONUSCO, the United Nations peacekeeping operation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), for another year. The Council also adopted another resolution lifting the notification requirement for arms, which previously required that arms suppliers notify the Council…

Why the Timber Market Could Become A Conflict-Ridden Extractive Industry in The Future

By Jasmine Phillips, Danique Kerkhof, Paul Wamp, Chris Knobloch In 2022, CIVIC partnered with the Institute of Security and Global Affairs at Leiden University to examine contemporary challenges in the protection of civilians. Bachelors degree students in the integrated security studies project course divided into teams, and developed policy briefs for a range of institutional…

Disinformation Harms Civilians in Conflict in More Ways Than You Thought

By Chris Brew & Lauren Spink The use of deception and disinformation in warfare is not new. Sun Tzu, a Chinese general and military strategist was already writing about the phenomenon in the 5th century BC. But disinformation—defined as the intentional dissemination of inaccurate or misleading information—no longer just travels by word-of-mouth or newspaper. Modern…