By: Dan Mahanty, Melissa G. Dalton, Jenny McAvoy, Julie Snyder, and Kelsey Hampton

Partnered operations put civilians at risk, which puts U.S. goals at risk. Here are some options for addressing the issue.

“By, with, and through” — a common phrase for describing partnered operations in the U.S. defense lexicon — is the new normal of U.S. military operations around the world. Partnered operations can lower the costs of achieving U.S. security goals, and, if designed well, can also improve security for civilians. Yet, even after decades of experience, too little is understood about how partnered operations can be best planned and implemented to mitigate harm to civilians. Nor is there sufficient policy guidance for circumstances in which the risks to civilians outweigh the benefits of continuing the partnership.

Read the rest at: Reducing the Human Costs of ‘By, With, and Through’