MONUSCO’s 2022 Mandate: Streamlined, But Missing Key Protection Language

By Daniel Levine-Spound and Josh Jorgensen In December 2022, the UN Security Council renewed the mandate of MONUSCO, the United Nations peacekeeping operation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), for another year. The Council also adopted another resolution lifting the notification requirement for arms, which previously required that arms suppliers notify the Council…

Why the Timber Market Could Become A Conflict-Ridden Extractive Industry in The Future

By Jasmine Phillips, Danique Kerkhof, Paul Wamp, Chris Knobloch In 2022, CIVIC partnered with the Institute of Security and Global Affairs at Leiden University to examine contemporary challenges in the protection of civilians. Bachelors degree students in the integrated security studies project course divided into teams, and developed policy briefs for a range of institutional…